DOG-THE LIVING LEGEND COUNTRY MAGAZINE
by R. Kim
La Flamme, Song Dog Kennels, 1973
of the American Indian Dog have been traced as far back as 30,000
years, during the Ice Age in North American. Among the Old Crow
people, ancestors of the American Indian, archaeologists have
discovered artifacts and bones of domesticated dogs.
Indian Dogs were studied and documented by early Spanish explorers,
Lewis and Clark, and other early naturalists, settlers and trappers.
three types of Native American dogs:
wolf-type from the northern Artic area originally bred for sled
pulling (Malamutes, Huskies, Samoyeds); Medium sized, coyote-like
dogs, once the most common (the American Indian dog; and 3) the
smaller Indian Dogs (Tahl-Tan Bear Dog of Canada, Chihuahua of
Mexico, Mexican Hairless).
population of American Indian Dogs (200,000) was found among the
North American Plains Indians; Indian families commonly possessed
10-30 dogs per family. They were also found from the sub-Artic
regions through Canada, parts of the U.S. and Peru. Their near-extinction
stems from their coyote-like appearance; early settlers killed
them as they killed the American Indian Dog's cousin, the coyote.
White Man arrived and staged his first major battle at Pequot
Fort, Massachusetts in 1637, to the massacre of the Sioux band
at Wounded Knee, South Dakota in 1890, almost nothing remained
of the Native Indian culture, including its dogs. Even after the
tribal groups were moved to reservations, the white soldiers and
settlers continued to destroy the American Indian Dog. Their starving
masters ate some dogs as they were forced from one desolate reservation
to another. Many dogs become feral, associating with their wild
cousins, the coyote. It is believed this association is why there
is such a difference in coyotes from one part of the country to
Indian Dogs are finally being recognized as versatile, loyal dogs,
developed from thousands of years of selective breeding by Native
Americans had great respect for the coyote and believed this "God's
Dog' was the first being on earth, and would also be the last.
The Indians believed the coyote was here to assist man in survival
techniques, and to help him learn the secrets of humility and
American Indian Dogs were tied out into the open during their
estrus cycle to be bred to the coyote, thereby maintaining the
breed's survival instincts, pack loyalty and intelligence.
Americans used dogs to guard their ponies and villages from rival
raiding parties. The dogs tracked game and herded buffalo, assisting
the Native Americans in killing the ungulates. They helped pack
meat back to camp, babysat and entertained children, kept their
masters warm during harsh winters, and also dove under water,
herding fish into nets. Not only were they eaten in times of famine,
they were also sacrificed during spiritual ceremonies; the ultimate
honor was to be buried with a high shaman or chief.
and Personality The American Indian Dog is inquisitive, intelligent,
alert and devoted, although they may appear aloof at first introduction
to strangers. They are not vicious, yet are protective of their
owners, and show great affection and possessiveness. They travel
well and adjust to any environment, however, will become shy if
not introduced to many people at an early age.
Indian Dogs are very communicative, almost "Talking"
in their high-pitched voices; body language is quite expressive.
Appearance: Medium in size, American Indian Dogs are well balanced
and swift in appearance. Pelage is harsh and straight, with a
thick undercoat, and waterproof, black-tipped guard hairs. Their
bushy tail hangs down like a ponytail, and is held straight out
natural; all have a natural shading or merging of colors, except
for solid black or white versions. There are no splotchy, spotted
or heavy lines separating light or dark colors. Fastidiously clean,
American Indian Dog can spend most of their tie indoors, although
outdoors is preferred. They are sensitive animals, but can readily
handle firm training.
Indian Dog is able to adjust to most lifestyles, and will learn
as much as you are capable of teaching them. They will instinctively
stay one step ahead of what you are already thinking. A close
bond is encouraged at a young age.
breed is not a pet for everyone. If you adore nature, would like
to save a bit of history, and enjoy an animal, which still possesses
many of its natural instincts, perhaps you are the special person
who could share your life with an American Indian Dog.
being interviewed by at least 2 club officers, you may own and
care for an Indian Dog. Song Dog Kennels occasionally has American
Indian Dogs available for sale.
don't believe you could keep an Indian Dog for its entire life,
please don't purchase one! It is difficult for these dogs to change
owners; a bond has already been formed. You must plan on having
this friend for life.
dog is a part of our heritage and the natural balance of life
around us. Thanks to the many people that have researched and
supported this endeavor, and those who spent years selecting the
correct breeding stock, the American Indian Dog's song will be
heard once again.
dogs are a part of our heritage and deserve to be recognized as
the versatile, loyal breed that they are. For more information
on the American Indian Dog, please contact: Song Dog Kennels,
Kim La Flamme, 3600 Lakeshore Dr., Selma, OR 97538